Why in News
1. NITI aayog has recently released draft 3 year action agenda.
2. Instead of the five-year plan of planning commission, NITI aayog is preparing a 15-year vision document, a development agenda by 2022 and three years action plan which is already in public domain.
About NITI aayog
1. The NITI Aayog, or National Institution for Transforming India, is a policy think tank of the Government of India, established with the aim to achieve Sustainable Development Goals and to enhance cooperative federalism by fostering the involvement of State Governments of India in the economic policy-making process using a bottom-up approach.
2. It was established in 2015 to replace the Planning Commission which followed a top-down model.
3. The Prime Minister is the Ex-officio chairman.
4. The permanent members of the governing council are all the state Chief Ministers, along with the Chief Ministers of Delhi and Puducherry, the Lieutenant Governor of Andaman and Nicobar, and a vice chairman nominated by the Prime Minister.
5. In addition, temporary members are selected from leading universities and research institutions. These members include a chief executive officer, four ex-official members and two part-time members.
“Year End Review 2018-NITI Aayog”
INITIATIVES AND PROGRAMMES
A. Initiatives to rank states in critical sectors
- The District Hospital Index
- Health Index/Healthy States, Progressive India Report
- School Education Quality Index (SEQI)
- Digital Transformation Index’ (DTI)
B. Sustainable Action for Transforming Human Capital (SATH)
SATH is aimed at initiating transformation in two key social sectors—education and health, by hand-holding States towards improving their social sector indicators and providing technical support over three years.
- Selection of states through a unique challenge method
- Quarterly milestones for each initiative
- Major school consolidation and integration programme
- In health, Uttar Pradesh, Assam, and Karnataka were selected
- In education, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, and Jharkhand were selected.
C. Ek Bharat Shrestha Bharat
It was conceptualized to make our country united, strong and promote excellence in all walks of life by means of long-term inter-state engagements through cultural exchanges and education.
D. Development Support Services to States (DSSS) for Development of Infrastructure
To establish a Centre-State partnership model and reignite and establish Private Public Partnership across infrastructure sectors, DSSS was launched to de-risk projects and address key structural issues in project development and build institutional and organizational capacities.
E. Public-Private Partnership in Health
To help States achieve the health goals of the government in the area of prevention, diagnosis and treatment of select Non-Communicable processes, viz. Cardiac Sciences, Oncology and Pulmonary Sciences.
- A guiding framework was developed for States
- Focus on tier II/ tier III cities
- A model concessionaire agreement was also launched
F. State Human Development Report
The State of Maharashtra, Assam, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Karnataka, Nagaland, Bundelkhand region and Delhi were supported in the preparation of State Human Development Reports
G. Transforming of 115 identified Aspirational Districts(ADP)
- ADP was launched by the Prime Minister on January 5, 2018. It is a special initiative to rapidly transform 115 identified districts that have shown relatively lesser progress in key social areas and have emerged as pockets of under-development, thereby posing a challenge to ensure balanced regional development.
- Under ADP, 49 key performance indicators (KPIs) have been identified.
- An Aspirational Districts Dashboard has been developed, called ‘Champions of Change’.
PROMOTING INCLUSIVE GROWTH –‘SABKA SAATH, SABKA VIKAS’
- New Guidelines have been issued to Ministry of Panchayati Raj
- Expert committee constituted under the chairmanship of former Vice-Chairman, NITI Aayog recommended restructuring of the Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan (RGSA)
- New guidelines for earmarking of funds for SCs and STs in the new budgeting system
- Revamping of Tribal Research Institutes (TRIs)
- The new NGO-Darpan Portal which went live in April 2017 was developed as a dynamic database of NGOs in the country, and for NGOs to obtain Unique ID to be eligible to apply for grants from any central Ministry/Department. 43,000 NGOs have already registered.
ENABLING EVIDENCE-BASED POLICY MAKING AND ENHANCING PRODUCTIVE EFFICIENCY WITH LONG-TERM VISION
- Strategy document for India’s 75th year of independence covering the period 2017-18 to 2022-23 is being prepared by NITI Aayog.
- Reform of Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs) was suggested by preparing a report was submitted to the Government on 74 sick/loss-making/non-performing CPSEs.
- “NITI Forum for North East” It is the first ever regional forum constituted by NITI Aayog with representation from all the NE States and the concerned Central Ministries/Departments. The forum also has eminent experts and reputed institutions (IIT, IIM, NERIST, RIS, RFRI etc.) as members.
- “Holistic Development of Islands” in consultation with key stakeholders, NITI Aayog has shortlisted 10 islands in the first phase.
- Island Development Agency (IDA) was set up in June 2017 under the Chairmanship of the Home Minister of India, with the CEO, NITI Aayog as the Convener.
- UNDP Projects – GIS Based Planning.
- NITI formulated the “National Nutrition Strategy” through an extensive consultative process.
- The POSHAN Abhiyaan has been launched with the aim of improving nutrition outcomes in India in the next three years. The POSHAN Maah, a massive awareness and outreach campaign launched across the country to make nutrition a true janandolan
- Energy Sector: India Energy Security Scenario (IESS), 2047 was revamped in 2015 and was used to determine INDC targets. NITI also supported Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat and Assam for the “Development of State Energy Calculator”. NITI Aayog has developed the State Energy Index to measure the status and the efforts undertaken by the States towards ensuring accessibility and affordability.
CROSS SECTORAL INTERVENTIONS
- Task Force on Employment and Exports.
- Rural Drinking Water – Rs 1000 crore was released for developing water resources in 19 arsenic and fluoride affected States.
- Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM).
- Short-term measures for reforms – Recommendations have been made for short-term measures for reforms in higher education sector, including proposals for graded autonomy; reforms in accreditation framework and many more targeted recommendations to push for quality and remove out-dated regulatory aspects of UGC and AICTE.
- Providing Efficiency in Port Ecosystem
- Working of 679 Autonomous Bodies
- Recommendations to transform India’s gold market has been finalised and submitted to the Finance Minister
- Training and practice guide for the social sector – ‘Manual on Gender Inclusive Planning’ and ‘Manual for Social Audit’ has been published.
- Strategy reports: Reports on strategies for ‘Self-reliance in critical and strategic resources of rare earths’.
- Roadmap for revising the National Mineral Policy, 2018
- A sub-group of 10 Chief Ministers on Skill Development was serviced by NITI Aayog which made recommendations for improving access, equity, relevance, quality and enhanced sources of finances.
- The merger of 36 Tribunals to 18 Tribunals is being coordinated and implemented by NITI Aayog with all the concerned Ministries.
INSTITUIONALISE PROJECT MONITORING TO IMPROVE IMPLEMENTATON AND EFFICACY OF GOVERNMENT SCHEMES
- Output Outcome Monitoring Framework 2018-19
- Sectoral Reviews by PMO
- Outcome Budget.
- Programme Monitoring and Evaluation