25th edition of Partnership Summit
- The 25thedition of Partnership Summit 2019, a global platform for dialogue, debate, deliberation and engagement among Indian and global leaders on economic policy and growth trends in India, is being held in Mumbai from tomorrow.
- This edition of the Summit, on 12thand 13thJanuary 2019, will showcase India in the present landscape of an emerging “New India”, the “New Global Economic Address”.
- The Summit is being organized by the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Government of India, State Government of Maharashtra and Confederation of Indian Industry.
- The themes of the sessions in the two days of the Summit will cover topics like:
- Partnering with New India
- Reforms and De-regulation – Strategies to Boost Investment
- The Infra Expanse – A Super Imperative for Growth
- The Inclusion Dynamics – A Digital Wireframe for all
The Summit also see the discussions on the critical sectoral series:
- India 4.0: AI, Big Data
- Agri and Food Processing
- Heath Care
- Tourism and Hospitality
- Defence and Aeronautics
- Renewable Energy
6th ‘Women of India Organic Festival’ organized by WCD Ministry
- The Ministry of Women and Child Development is organising the three-day 6th‘Women of India Organic Festival’ from tomorrow at Leisure Valley, Chandigarh.
- Through this festival, the Ministry also aims to educate people about its various initiatives and schemes relating to women and children.
- The Women of India Organic Festival has been held annually in New Delhi since 2015 and makes its debut in Chandigarh this year.
NATIONAL HEALTH POLICY 2017
- The National Health Policy of the country was launched after a gap of 15 years. The Cabinet in its meeting held on 15th March 2017 approved the National Health Policy (NHP) 2017.
- NHP 2017 addresses the current and emerging challenges necessitated by the changing socio-economic, technological and epidemiological landscape.
- The major commitment of the NHP 2017 is raising public health expenditure progressively to 2.5% of the GDP by 2025. It envisages providing larger package of assured comprehensive primary healthcare through the Health and Wellness Centres.
- The Policy aims to attain the highest possible level of health and well-being for all at all ages through a preventive and promotive healthcare and universal access to quality health services without anyone having to face financial hardship as a consequence.
- NHP 2017 advocates allocating major proportion (two-thirds or more) of resources to primary care and aims to ensure availability of two beds per 1,000 population distributed in a manner to enable access within golden hour.
- The Policy also takes a fresh look at strategic purchase from the private sector and leveraging their strengths to achieve national health goals and seeks stronger partnership with the private sector.
Besides this, the highlights of the Policy are as following:
- Assurance based approach – The Policy advocates progressively incremental assurance-based approach with focus on preventive and promotive healthcare
- Health Card linked to health facilities- The Policy recommends linking the health card to primary care facility for a defined package of services anywhere in the country.
- Patient Centric Approach- The Policy recommends the setting up of a separate, empowered medical tribunal for speedy resolution to address disputes /complaints regarding standards of care, prices of services, negligence and unfair practices, standard regulatory framework for laboratories and imaging centers, specialized emerging services, etc
- Micronutrient Deficiency- There is a focus on reducing micronutrient malnourishment and systematic approach to address heterogeneity in micronutrient adequacy across regions.
- Quality of Care– Public hospitals and facilities would undergo periodic measurements and certification of level of quality. Focus on Standard Regulatory Framework to eliminate risks of inappropriate care by maintaining adequate standards of diagnosis and treatment.
- Make-in-India Initiative– The Policy advocates the need to incentivize local manufacturing to provide customized indigenous products for Indian population in the long run.
- Application of Digital Health– The Policy advocates extensive deployment of digital tools for improving the efficiency and outcome of the healthcare system and aims at an integrated health information system which serves the needs of all stake-holders and improves efficiency, transparency, and citizen experience.
- Private sector engagement for strategic purchase for critical gap filling and for achievement of health goals.
- Further, in 2018-19 as well, increase of 11.5% in the outlay of health over 2017-18 with allocation of Rs.52,800 crore. Also, Rs. 24,908.62 crore provided for NHM in 2018-19, Rs. 2967.91 crore more than last year.
ALLIED AND HEALTHCARE PROFESSIONS BILL, 2018
- The Union Cabinet approved the Allied and Healthcare Professions Bill, 2018 on 22ndNovember 2018 for regulation and standardisation of education and services by allied and healthcare professionals.
- The Bill provides for setting up of an Allied and Healthcare Council of India and corresponding State Allied and Healthcare Councils which will play the role of a standard-setter and facilitator for professions of Allied and Healthcare.
- Establishment of a Central and corresponding State Allied and Healthcare Councils; 15 major professional categories including 53 professions in Allied and Healthcare streams.
- The Bill provides for Structure, Constitution, Composition and Functions of the Central Council and State Councils, e.g. Framing policies and standards, Regulation of professional conduct, Creation and maintenance of live Registers, provisions for common entry and exit examinations, etc.
- The Central Council will comprise 47 members, of which 14 members shall be ex-officio representing diverse and related roles and functions and remaining 33 shall be non-ex-officio members who mainly represent the 15 professional categories.
- The State Councils are also envisioned to mirror the Central Council, comprising 7 ex-officio and 21 non-ex officio members and Chairperson to be elected from amongst the non-ex officio members.
- Professional Advisory Bodies under Central and State Councils will examine issues independently and provide recommendations relating to specific recognised categories.
- The Bill will also have an overriding effect on any other existing law for any of the covered professions.
- The State Council will undertake recognition of allied and healthcare institutions.
- Offences and Penalties clause have been included in the Bill to check malpractices.
- The Bill also empowers the Central and State Governments to make rules.
- Central Govt. also has the power to issue directions to the Council, to make regulations and to add or amend the schedule.
- Bring all existing allied and healthcare professionals on board during the first few of years from the date of establishment of the Council.
- Opportunity to create qualified, highly skilled and competent jobs in healthcare by enabling professionalism of the allied and healthcare workforce.
- High quality, multi-disciplinary care in line with the vision of Ayushman Bharat, moving away from a ‘doctor led’ model to a ‘care accessible and team based’ model.
- Opportunity to cater to the global demand (shortage) of healthcare workforce which is projected to be about 15 million by the year 2030, as per the WHO Global Workforce, 2030 report.
NATIONAL MEDICAL COMMISSION BILL, 2017
- Cabinet approved the National Medical Commission Bill 2017 on 15th December 2017
The Bill envisages to:
- replace the Medical Council 1956 Act.
- enable a forward movement in the area of medical education reform.
- move towards outcome-based regulation of medical education rather than process-oriented regulation.
- ensure proper separation of functions within the regulator by having autonomous boards.
- create accountable & transparent procedures for maintaining standards in Medical Education.
- create a forward-looking approach towards ensuring sufficient health workforce in India.
Expected benefits of the new legislation:
- End of heavy-handed regulatory control over medical education institutions and a shift towards outcome-based monitoring.
- Introduction of a national licentiate examination. This will be the first time such a provision is being introduced in any field of higher education in the country, as was the introduction of NEET and common counselling earlier.
- Opening up the medical education sector will lead to significant addition in the number of UG and PG seats and substantial new investment in this infrastructure sector.
- Better coordination with AYUSH systems of treatment.
- Regulation of up to 40% seats in medical colleges to enable all meritorious students to have access to medical seats irrespective of their financial status.
NATIONAL NUTRITION MISSION (NNM)
- The Cabinet has recently approved the National Nutrition Mission, a joint effort of MoHFW and the Ministry of Women and Child development (WCD) towards a life cycle approach for interrupting the intergenerational cycle of under nutrition.
- The impact of the mission is envisioned to reduce the level of stunting, under-nutrition, anaemia and low birth weight babies. It will create synergy, ensure better monitoring, issue alerts for timely action, and encourage States/UTs to perform, guide and supervise the line Ministries and States/UTs to achieve the targeted goals.
- The mission aims to benefit more than 10 crore people.
- It shall be launched in December 2017 with a three year budget of Rs.9046.17 crore commencing from 2017-18, to cover 315 districts in 2017-18, 235 districts in 2018-19 and remaining districts in 2019-20.
Major components/features of the Mission:
- Mapping of various Schemes contributing towards addressing malnutrition
- Introducing a very robust convergence mechanism
- ICT-based real time monitoring system
- Incentivizing States/UTs for meeting the targets
- Incentivizing Anganwadi Workers (AWWs) for using IT based tools
- Eliminating registers used by AWWs
- Introducing measurement of height of children at the Anganwadi Centres (AWCs)
- Social Audits
- Setting-up Nutrition Resource Centres, involving masses through Jan Andolan for their participation on nutrition through various activities, among others.
MENTAL HEALTHCARE ACT, 2017
- The Act adopts a rights-based statutory framework for mental health in India and strengthens equality and equity in provision of mental healthcare services in order to protect the rights of people with mental health problem to ensure that they are able to receive optimum care and are able to live a life of dignity and respect.
- The Act strengthens the institutional mechanisms for improving access quality and appropriate mental healthcare services.
- The Act increases accountability of both government and private sectors in delivery of mental healthcare with representation of persons with mental health problem and their care-givers in statutory authorities such as Central and State Mental Health Authority.
- The most progressive features of the Act are provision of advance directive, nominated representative, special clause for women and children related to admission, treatment, sanitation and personal hygiene; restriction on use of Electro-Convulsive Therapy and Psychosurgery.
- Decriminalization of suicide is another significant facet of the Act, which will ensure proper management of severe stress as a precursor for suicide attempts.
HIV & AIDS (Prevention & Control) Act, 2017
- It aims to end the epidemic by 2030 in accordance with the Sustainable Development Goals set by the United Nations.
- A person living with AIDS cannot be treated unfairly at employment, educational establishments, renting a property, standing for public or private office or providing healthcare and insurance services
- The Act also aims to enhance access to healthcare services by ensuring informed consent and confidentiality for HIV-related testing, treatment and clinical research.
- Every HIV infected or affected person below the age of 18 years has the right to reside in a shared household and enjoy the facilities of the household.
- The Act prohibits any individual from publishing information or advocating feelings of hatred against HIV positive persons and those living with them.
- No person shall be compelled to disclose his/her HIV status except with their informed consent, and if required by a court order.
- Every person in the care and custody of the State shall have right to HIV prevention, testing, treatment and counselling services.
- The Act suggests that cases relating to HIV positive persons shall be disposed’ off by the court on a priority basis and duly ensuring the confidentiality.