It was declared as National Waterway-4 (NW-4) in 2008. It comprises of Kakinada-Puducherry stretch of canals and Kaluvelly tank, Bhadrachalam-Rajahmundry stretch of river Godavari and Wazirabad - Vijayawada stretch of river Krishna with total length of 1,078 kms.
Its stretch was further extended upto Nashik in case of river Godavari and upto Galagali in case of river Krishna in states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Puducherry under National Waterways Act, 2016. Now it has total length of NW-4 is 2890 kms.
It is being developed in three phases
- Phase-I: Vijayawada to Muktyala stretch of Krishna River.
- Phase-II: Kakinada to Vijayawada and Rajahmundry to Polavaram after completion of Phase-I.
- Phase-III: Remaining stretches of NW-4 after completion of Phase-I and Phase-II.
Medical Tourism in India
- Nearly 5 lakhs Foreign Tourist Arrivals for Medical Tourism in 2017 in the country on Medical purpose. It has increased from 2,33,918 and 4,27,014 in 2015, 2016 respectively.
- Top five major source countries: from where foreign tourists arrived in India on medical purpose are Bangladesh, Afghanistan, Iraq, Maldives and Oman.
- Foreign exchange earnings (FEE): The provisional estimates FEE through medical tourism in India as a whole during 2015, 2016 and 2017 were US $ 21.013 billion, US $ 22.923 billion and US $ 27.310 billion respectively.
PAHAL/Direct Benefit Transfer of LPG Scheme
- It was launched in November 2014 in 54 districts of the country and was subsequently extended to rest of the country from January, 2015. Currently, it is under implementation in 715 districts.
- Under the Scheme, LPG cylinders are being sold at non-subsidised price and subsidy, as admissible, is transferred directly bank account of to consumers. It is subject to applicable cap on subsidized refills.
- The subsidy is transferred either through Aadhaar Transfer Compliant (ATC) or Bank Transfer Compliant (BTC) mode on the basis of seeding of Aadhaar number in bank account.
- The scheme has helped in enforcing quota of domestic subsidised cylinders to consumers in effective manner by weeding out duplication process of multiple connections in name of same consumer.
- It was launched by PSU Oil Marketing Companies (OMCs) under Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas for promoting use of Compressed Bio Gas CBG) as Alternative Green Transport Fuel.
- CBG is purified and compressed biogas, produced through process of anaerobic decomposition from various waste/ biomass sources including Municipal solid waste.
- Under this initiative, Public Sector OMCs and GAIL have invited Expression of interest (EOI) to procure CBG from potential entrepreneurs for establishment of 5000 CBG plants across the country.
- Benefits: It will boost availability of more affordable transport fuels, help in better management and use of agricultural residue, cattle dung and municipal solid waste, as well as provide additional revenue source to farmers. It will also benefit vehicle-users as well as farmers and entrepreneurs.
Scheme of Fund for Regeneration of Traditional Industries (SFURTI) scheme
- It was launched by Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME). It was revamped in 2015 and will be operational till 2019-20.
- Under it, financial assistance is provided for development of Khadi, coir and village Industries clusters. So far MSME Ministry has approved 111 proposals of clusters under this scheme.
- Objective of scheme: It aims to organize traditional industries and artisans into clusters to make them competitive.
- It also seeks to provide support for their long term sustainability, sustained employment, to enhance marketability of products of such clusters.
- Budget limit: For major clusters with more than 500 artisans budget limit is Rs. 5.00 crore and for Regular Clusters with upto 500 artisans, the budget limit is 2.5 crore rupees.
- Approval: Scheme Steering Committee chaired by Secretary MSME, reviews progress of approved clusters periodically.