1. Operation Smile: TS police rescues 2,119 children
- The Telangana police along with other government departments have rescued 2,119 children, including 1,653 boys and 466 girls, during the month-long drive to trace missing children.
About Operation Smile
- Operation Smile also called as Operation MUSKAAN is an initiative of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) to rescue/rehabilitate missing children.
- It is a dedicated campaign for a month where several activities are taken up by the State Police personnel to trace and rescue the missing children and reunite them with their families.
- Under phase V of ‘Operation Smile’, the boy was rescued and his details were entered in DARPAN app, a unique facial recognition tool developed by Telangana police.
Salient points of Operation Smile
- Approximately 100 plus Police officers of various ranks were sensitized and trained about the issues related to missing children Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) JJ Act, Protection of Child Right Act, relevant sections of CrPC & IPC and Advisories issued by MHA etc.
- The trained officers visited various parts of the country to recover missing children in connection with various FIRs lodged at police stations in Ghaziabad
- One of the major findings was that children residing in shelter homes, on railway platforms, at bus stands and religious places and on the roads, etc. were part of the missing children.
- Support of print and electronic media were also used to share the information of missing children.
- Extensive use of technology by the rescue teams in the form of facial recognition software for the first time in the country.
2. Microplastics found in dolphins’
- Microplastics have been found in the guts of every marine mammal examined in a study of animals washed up on Britain’s shores.
- Most of the particles (84%) were synthetic fibres — which can come from sources, including clothes, fishing nets and toothbrushes — while the rest were fragments, whose possible sources include food packaging and plastic bottles.
- Micro-plastics are particles that are smaller than 5 millimetres in size.
- They enter the environment as primary industrial products, such as those used in scrubbers and cosmetics.
- It could also enter via urban waste water and broken-down elements of articles discarded by consumers.
- Washing of clothes too releases synthetic microfibres into water bodies and the sea.
- Micro-plastics escape the filtration and treatment processes for waste water, and end up in sites of nature.
- The durable properties of plastics make them persistent and slow to degrade in the environment.
- It also effects the food chain.
3. Kerala sets up drug price monitor
- Kerala has become the first State to set up a price monitoring and research unit (PMRU) to track violation of prices of essential drugs and medical devices under the Drugs Price Control Order (DPCO).
- Pharma companies have been accused of overcharging prices of drugs in the scheduled category fixed by the DPCO and those outside its ambit too.
About Price Monitoring Research Unit
- The State Health Secretary would be the Chairman of the society and the Drugs Controller would be its member secretary. Its members include a State government representative, representatives of private pharmaceutical companies, and those from consumer rights protection fora.
- The new watchdog will offer technical help to the State Drug Controllers and the NPPA to monitor notified prices of medicines, detect violation of the provisions of the DPCO, look at price compliance, collect test samples of medicines, and collect and compile market-based data of scheduled as well as non-scheduled formulations.
Note : The suggestion to set up PMRUs was made against the backdrop of the lack of a field-level link between the NPPA and the State Drugs Controllers and State Drug Inspectors to monitor drug prices.
4. Rishi Kumar Shukla appointed CBI Director
- Recently Rishi Kumar Shukla appointed as the new CBI Director Director.
All about how a CBI Director is Appointed :
- The CBI draws its legality from the 1946-Delhi Special Police Establishment Act (DSPE). The precursor to the CBI was the Special Police Establishment, which was India’s first agency to investigate corruption. It was set in 1946 by the British.
- In 1963, the Home Ministry expanded its power and changed its name to the Central Bureau of Investigation. But, it is still governed by the 1946 Act.
- Before the Lokpal Act was legislated, the CBI director was appointed by the DSPE Act. Now, the Lokpal Act governs the appointment of the CBI director.
- The CBI director is appointed by the Centre on the basis of the recommendation of a search committee comprising of the Prime Minister as the chairperson, the Chief Justice of India and the Leader of Opposition.
- The Chief Justice of India can nominate a Supreme Court judge if he does not attend the search committee meeting.
- In the absence of a formal Leader of Opposition in the Lok Sabha, the leader of the floor of the largest opposition party (in present case Congress) takes part in the search committee meetings.
- The process of selecting the CBI director begins in the Home Ministry, which prepares a list of IPS officers, who are eligible for the post on the basis of their seniority and experience in the field of probe.
- The MHA list goes to the Department of Personnel, which prepares the final list on the basis of “seniority, integrity and experience in the investigation of ant-corruption cases”.
- The search committee examines the names and sends its recommendation to the government for the appointment of CBI director. The decision of the committee could be unanimous or divided with a member recording the note of dissent.
- Earlier, under the DSPE Act, the CBI director was appointed on the basis of the recommendation by a panel comprising the Central Vigilance Commission as chairperson, other vigilance commissioners, Home Secretary and Secretary (Co-ordination and Public Grievances the Cabinet Secretariat).
5. Rare artefacts on iconic Buddhist figure celebrate India-Bhutan ties
- The exhibition of rare artefacts is accompanying a two-day conference on Guru Padmasambhava’s life and legacy, often called Second Buddha, and brought together distinguished scholars from India, Nepal and Bhutan.
- The conference is titled “Life and Legacy of Guru Padmasambhava”.
- The conference also celebrates the 50 years of diplomatic relations between India and Bhutan.
- Guru Padmasambhava is known as the Second Buddha because he played a seminal role in spreading Buddhism and Buddhist teachings across the Himalayan region including Northeast India, Nepal, Bhutan and Tibet.
- In Tibetan, Guru Padmasambhava is generally referred to as Guru Rinpoche, which means “precious master.”
- He undertook many travels across India, Bhutan, Tibet and Nepal.
- Thangka paintings, sculptures and photographs portray the life and teachings of the Guru.