1. Bird-watchers throng at the Indian Birding Fair at Jaipur’s Man Sagar Lake
- The 22nd Indian Birding Fair organised on the banks of Man Sagar Lake which was dedicated to the conservation of waders.
- The fair was organised by the Tourism & Wildlife Society of India and supported by Jaipur Zoo and some philanthropic bodies and overseas organisations.
- The Indian subcontinent hosts 84 species of wading birds, 64 of which are migratory.
- The Wading Birds which are tiny birds mostly confined to the edges of water and are observed feeding across moist surfaces.
Man Sagar Lake
- It is an artificial lake named after Man Singh, the then ruler of Amber and a trusted general of Mughal Emperor Akbar, who had built it in 1610 AD by damming the Dravyavati river
- A palace, Jal Mahal, is situated in the middle of the lake.
2. The Great Indian Bustard : Mascot for COP-13
- The Centre announced that the Great Indian Bustard (GIB) will be its mascot for the 13th Conference of Parties (COP) of the UN Convention on the conservation of migratory species (CMS) to be held in Gujarat 2020.
- Migratory species are those animals/birds that move from one habitat to another during different times of the year, due to various factors such as food, sunlight, temperature, climate, etc.
- The movement between habitats, can sometimes exceed thousands of miles/kilometres for some migratory birds and mammals.
- A migratory route can involve nesting and also requires the availability of habitats before and after each migration.
Convention on Conservation of Migratory Species
- CMS has formed in order to protect the migratory species throughout their range countries under the aegis of United Nations Environment Programme.
- It is also referred to as the Bonn Convention, it provides a global platform for the conservation and sustainable use of migratory animals and their habitats and brings together the States through which migratory animals pass, the Range States, and lays the legal foundation for internationally coordinated conservation measures throughout a migratory range.
- Under this convention, migratory species threatened with extinction are listed on Appendix I and Parties strive towards strictly protecting these animals, conserving or restoring the places where they live, mitigating obstacles to migration and controlling other factors that might endanger them.
- Migratory species that need or would significantly benefit from international co-operation are listed in Appendix II of the Convention.
India Stand To Save Migratory Species
- India has also signed non legally binding MOU with CMS on the conservation and management of Siberian Cranes (1998), Marine Turtles (2007), Dugongs (2008) and Raptors (2016).
- India is temporary home to several migratory animals and birds.
- The important among these include Amur Falcons, Bar headed Gheese, Black necked cranes, Marine turtles, Dugongs, Humpbacked Whales, etc.
- The Indian sub-continent is also part of the major bird flyway network, i.e, the Central Asian Flyway (CAF) that covers areas between the Arctic and Indian Oceans, and covers at least 279 populations of 182 migratory water bird species, including 29 globally threatened species.
- India has also launched the National Action Plan for conservation of migratory species under the Central Asian Flyway.
3. Expedite implementation of Forest Rights Act
- The Odisha State Food Commission has again asked the State government to expedite implementation of the Forest Rights Act, 2006, that would help ensure food and nutritional security to the vulnerable section of society.
About Forest Right Act 2006
- The legislation was passed Forest Right Act in December 2006.
- It concerns the rights of forest-dwelling communities to land and other resources, denied to them over decades as a result of the continuance of colonial forest laws in India.
- The Act grants legal recognition to the rights of traditional forest dwelling communities, partially correcting the injustice caused by the forest laws.
Rights under the Act:
Title rights –
- Those who have maximum of 4 hectares land entitled for ownership of land that is being farmed by tribals or forest dwellers.
- The ownership is only for land that is actually being cultivated by the concerned family, meaning that no new lands are granted.
- To minor forest produce (also including ownership), to grazing areas, to pastoralist routes, etc.
Relief and development rights
- To rehabilitation in case of illegal eviction or forced displacement; and to basic amenities, subject to restrictions for forest protection.
- Forest management rights – to protect forests and wildlife.
4. 13th edition of Petrotech 2019
- India launched the third bidding round under its open acreage licensing policy (OALP), at the 13th edition of Petrotech 2019, a strategic hydrocarbon event held in New Delhi.
- PETROTECH 2019 is India’s flagship biennial international oil and gas conference and exhibition.
- It is Asia’s largest oil and gas event.
- The theme of PETROTECH 2019 is – Shaping the New Energy World through Innovation and Collaboration
- This global event aims at bringing Energy Ministers, professionals, industry leaders, -academicians and domain experts from the energy sector on a common platform.
- It is a biennial platform for national and international experts in the oil & gas industry to exchange views and share knowledge, expertise and experiences.
- It also showcases the strengths & potential of Indian Hydrocarbon industry to the world besides providing a vibrant platform for sharing of experience, exchange of ideas, knowledge and technological development across various segments of hydrocarbon industry.
5. Asiatic Lion conservation in Gujarat’s Gir
- The Ministry of Environment launched a three-year Asiatic Lion Conservation Project in collaboration with the state of Gujarat, which is the last habitat of the big cat.
- The project will focus on better management of the lion habitat, disease control and veterinary care for them.
- The project aimed to protect over 600 lions in the state’s Gir sanctuary in its first year.
About Asiatic Lion
- The Asiatic lion is a Panthera leo leo population in India.
- Its range is restricted to the Gir National Park and environs in the Indian state of Gujarat.
- IUCN : Endangered
- CITES Appendix I
- Currently exists as a single subpopulation, and is thus vulnerable to extinction from unpredictable events, such as an epidemic or large forest fire.