- Contempt Of Court
- Recently Supreme Court holds Rao and CBI legal advisor guilty of contempt in the case of abuse at Bihar shelter homes.
- Article 129 & 215 of Indian Constitution provides for contempt powers to Supreme Court and High court respectively.
- The Contempt of court Act 1971 provides for two type of contempt
- Civil contempt
- Criminal contempt
- Civil Contempt: When a person willfully disobeys a court’s judgement, order or direction, it comes under civil contempt.
- Criminal contempt : It include one or more of the following
(a) Scandalise or lower the authority of any court;
(b) Prejudice or interfere with the due course of any judicial proceeding
(c) Interfere with or obstruct the administration of justice in any other manner.
Issues related to contempt power
- The contempt powers put a restriction on the freedom of speech and expression provided under article 19(1)
- SC in Arundhati Roy case 2002 had held that fair criticism of judge and institution of the judiciary may not amount to contempt if done in good faith and public interest. However, sometimes contempt powers are misused.
- The present law on contempt is a colonial hangover. In feudal times king was Supreme and criticizing was a punishable offence. However, in a democracy people are supreme.
- The authority of judge does not come from the fear of contempt but from the public’s confidence in the Institution of the judiciary.
- Buddhist Tourism Circuit
- Recently the Union Ministry of Tourism has sanctioned five new projects under the Buddhist Circuit.
- The five states where the project under Buddhist Circuit has been sanctioned are Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh.
- The Buddhist Circuit is one among the fifteen thematic circuits identified for development under Swadesh Darshan Scheme.
Swadesh Darshan Scheme
- It is a Central Sector Scheme, was launched in 2014 -15 for integrated development of theme based tourist circuits in the country.
- Under the scheme, the Ministry of Tourism provides Central Financial Assistance (CFA) to State Governments/Union Territory Administrations for infrastructure development of circuits.
- This scheme is envisioned to synergise with other schemes like Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, Skill India, Make in India etc.which create job in tourism sector.
- National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (NCLAT )
- Recently NCLAT extends deadline for NCLT Ahmedabad to decide on Essar Steel insolvency case.
- National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (NCLAT) was constituted under the Companies Act, 2013 for hearing appeals against the orders of National Company Law Tribunal(s) (NCLT), with effect from 1st June, 2016.
- NCLAT is also the Appellate Tribunal for hearing appeals against the orders passed by NCLT(s) under Section 61 of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016.
- NCLAT is also the Appellate Tribunal to hear and dispose of appeals against any direction issued or decision made or order passed by the Competition Commission of India
- After consultation with the Chief Justice of India the President of the Tribunal and the Chairperson and Judicial Members of the Appellate Tribunal shall be appointed.
- The Members of the Tribunal and the Technical Members of the Appellate Tribunal shall be appointed on the recommendation of a Selection Committee consisting of:
- Chief Justice of India or his nominee—Chairperson.
- A senior Judge of the Supreme Court or a Chief Justice of High Court— Member.
- Secretary in the Ministry of Corporate Affairs—Member.
- Secretary in the Ministry of Law and Justice—Member.
- Secretary in the Department of Financial Services in the Ministry of Finance— Member.
- India, Maldives reverse visa stand off
- India and Maldives recently exchanged an agreement to facilitate visas for travel between the two countries in a number of categories.
- The agreement will provide a very liberal visa regime for Maldivian nationals to visit India for tourism, business, education & medical purposes.
- It also makes it easier for Indians to travel to Maldives for business purposes.
“Visa Facilitation Agreement”.
- This agreement was signed in December of last year during the visit of Maldives President Ibu Solih.
- Under the agreement, the government will free up the visa regime for Maldives citizens who travel to India for medical reasons and for education in particular.
- This will include allowing Maldives citizens who receive a visa on arrival in India to change their visa status to medical visas if they require hospitalisation during their stay.
- 5th International Dam Safety Conference
- The 5thInternational Dam Safety Conference–2019 is being held in Bhubaneswar.
- It is a joint initiative of the Government of India, Government of Odisha and the World Bank under aegis of the ongoing World Bank assisted Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP) as a part of institutional strengthening.
- Dam Safety Conferences are being organized as an annual event in different DRIP States in collaboration with the Implementing Agencies and leading academic institutes to provide a common platform for all stakeholders including non-DRIP States.
- Globally India ranks third after China and the USA in terms of the number of large dams.
About Central Water Commission
- CWC is managing Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP) with the financial assistance from World Bank to rehabilitate about 225 dams in India.
- These conferences had brought together dam professionals and experts in various inter-related disciplines from within India and around world to discuss, reflect and share technology and experience in addressing dam safety issues and strategies to address them.
- DHARMA is a web tool to help dam owners to digitise all dam-related data effectively, store, monitor and take appropriate actions to ensure need-based rehabilitation
- LAWASIA Human Rights Conference
- The first LAWASIA Human Rights Conference was recently organised by LAWASIA, in association with the Bar Association of India.
- The theme of the Conference: “State Power, Business and Human Rights: Contemporary Challenges”.
- The conference aims to provide a unique opportunity for lawyers and associated professional members to exchange insights and expertise on topics of significant importance to all.
- It would help to explore a wide range of human rights issues of relevance in the Asia Pacific region.
- It is a regional association of lawyers, judges, jurists and legal organizations.
- It advocates for the interests and concerns of the Asia Pacific legal profession.
- It provides a platform to promote the cross-jurisdictional exchange of legal knowledge; as a voice of the legal profession; and as a conduit for encouraging adherence to mutually-held principles of the rule of law, professional integrity and the protection of human rights.
- LAWASIA’s central aim is to strengthen professional and business relations among law associations, lawyers, the private sector and government representatives in the Asia Pacific region
- PM laid foundation for Sela Tunnel
- The tunnel is being built at an estimated cost of ₹687 crores by the Border Roads Organisation and is to be completed in three years. •
- It aims to provide all-weather connectivity to Tawang in Arunachal Pradesh and other forward areas.
- The Sela pass is located between the Tawang and West Kameng districts of Arunachal Pradesh.
- It connects the Tibetan Buddhist town of Tawang to Dirang and Guwahati forward areas