We shall first have to give up this hubris of considering tribes backward: Vice President
- The Vice President of India has said that we have to give up the hubris of considering tribes backward and every tribe has a rich and living cultural tradition and we must respect them.
- It not only social courtesy to respect their cultural traditions but it is also our Constitutional obligation.
- The Vice President said that as we are looking for ways of sustainable development, these tribal groups can teach us lessons in sustainable development.
Better example of Unity in Diversity
- Every tribal community world over, worships nature in its different forms. Their methods of worship may be different, but their belief in the Nature remains one and firm. There can’t be a better example of Unity in Diversity.
- In the name of protecting their cultural identity, we must not isolate them from the national mainstream.
- Their youth should have voice and opportunity to express their aspirations and expectations and only then our commitment for Sabka saath sabka Vikas will be fulfilled, he said.
- The Vice President also suggested that the Governor’s Reports on Tribal areas should be placed before the Parliament and appropriate Parliamentary Committee should examine them.
National Policy on Electronics 2019
- The Union Cabinet gave its approval to the National Policy on Electronics 2019 (NPE 2019), proposed by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY).
Salient Features of NPE 2019
- Create eco-system for globally competitive Electronics System Design and Manufacturing (ESDM) sector: Promoting domestic manufacturing and export in the entire value-chain of ESDM.
- Provide incentives and support for manufacturing of core electronic components.
- Provide special package of incentives for mega projects which are extremely high-tech and entail huge investments, such as semiconductor facilities display fabrication, etc.
- Formulate suitable schemes and incentive mechanisms to encourage new units and expansion of existing units.
- Promote Industry-led R&D and innovation in all sub-sectors of electronics, including grass root level innovations and early stage Start-ups in emerging technology areas such as 5G, loT/ Sensors, AI, Machine Learning, Virtual Reality (VR), Drones, Robotics, Additive Manufacturing, Photonics, Nano-based devices, etc.
- Provide incentives and support for significantly enhancing availability of skilled manpower, including re-skilling.
- Special thrust on Fabless Chip Design Industry, Medical Electronic Devices Industry, Automotive Electronics Industry and Power Electronics for Mobility and Strategic Electronics Industry.
- Create Sovereign Patent Fund (SPF) to promote the development and acquisition of IPs in ESDM sector.
- Promote trusted electronics value chain initiatives to improve national cyber security profile.
- The implementation of the Schemes/ Programmes under the aegis of the National Policy on Electronics 2012 (NPE 2012) has successfully consolidated the foundations for a competitive Indian ESDM value chain.
- NPE 2019 proposes to build on that foundation to propel the growth of ESDM industry in the country.
- The National Policy of Electronics 2019 (NPE 2019) replaces the National Policy of Electronics 2012 (NPE 2012).
- The NPE 2019 when implemented will lead to formulation of several schemes, initiatives, projects, etc., in consultation with the concerned Ministries/ Departments, for the development of ESDM sector in the country.
- It will enable flow of investment and technology, leading to higher value addition in the domestically manufactured electronic products, increased electronics hardware manufacturing in the country and their export, while generating substantia! employment opportunities.
Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage), Second Ordinance, 2019
- The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi, has given its approval to the following proposals:
- Promulgation of an Ordinance, namely the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Second Ordinance, 2019, under clause (1) of article 123 of the Constitution; and
- Move necessary official amendments in the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2018 pending in Rajya Sabha to replace the aforesaid Ordinance with such modifications of drafting and consequential nature as may be considered necessary.
- The proposed Ordinance will protect the rights of married Muslim women and prevent divorce by the practice of instantaneous and irrevocable ‘talaq-e-biddat’ by their husbands.
- It will discourage the practice of triple talaq i.e. talaq-e-biddat. Promulgation of the proposed Ordinance will provide the rights of subsistence allowance, custody of minor children to victims of triple talaq i.e. talaq-e-biddat.
Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahabhiyan
- The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has approved launch of Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahabhiyan with the objective of providing financial and water security to farmers.
- The proposed scheme consists of three components:
- Component-A: 10,000 MW of Decentralized Ground Mounted Grid Connected Renewable Power Plants.
- Component-B: Installation of 17.50 lakh standalone Solar Powered Agriculture Pumps.
- Component-C: Solarisation of 10 Lakh Grid-connected Solar Powered Agriculture Pumps.
- All three components combined, the scheme aims to add a solar capacity of 25,750 MW by 2022. The total central financial support provided under the scheme would be Rs. 34,422 crores.
- The Component-A and Component-C will be implemented on pilot mode for 1000 MW capacity and one lakh grid connected agriculture pumps respectively and thereafter, will be scale-up on success of pilot run.
- Component-B will be implemented in full-fledged manner.
- The Scheme will have substantial environmental impact in terms of savings of CO2 emissions.
- All three components of the Scheme combined together are likely to result in saving of about 27 million tonnes of CO2 emission per annum.
- Further, Component-B of the Scheme on standalone solar pumps may result in saving of 1.2 billion liters of diesel per annum and associated savings in the foreign exchange due to reduction of import of crude oil.
- The scheme has direct employment potential. Besides increasing self-employment, the proposal is likely to generate employment opportunity equivalent to 6.31 lakh job years for skilled and unskilled workers.
Commerce Minister launches ‘SWAYATT’ on GeM
- SWAYATT is an initiative to promote Start-ups, Women and Youth Advantage Through eTransactions on Government e Marketplace (GeM).
- This will bring together the key stakeholders within the Indian entrepreneurial ecosystem to GeM the national procurement portal.
- Commerce Minister also dedicated GeM Start-up Runway in association with Start -up India to facilitate Start-ups registered with Start -up India to access the public procurement market and sell innovative products and services to government buyers.
- GeM Start-up Runway seeks to align certified Start-ups with Government procurement orders and contracts, to enable Start-ups in scaling operations from ideation to growth stage in minimal time and spur hyper-local job-creation and wealth-generation and for achieving socially-inclusive economic growth.
Companies (Second Amendment) Ordinance 2019
The Union Cabinet has approved the Promulgation of the Companies (Second Amendment) Ordinance 2019 and for replacement of the said Ordinance in Parliament by a replacement Bill.
The amendments have been brought in to address the need to impose civil liability for technical & procedural defaults of a minor nature & to plug gaps in the corporate governance & enforcement framework covering a wide range of issues such as:
- Re-categorization of 16 minor offences as purely civil defaults which will de-clog special courts.
- Transfer of certain routine functions from NCLT to the central government such as dealing with applications for change of financial year and conversion from public to private companies.
- Making non-maintenance of registered office and non-reporting of commencement of business grounds for striking of from register of companies.
- Stringent provisions with reduced timelines for creation and modification of charges
- Breach of ceiling on directorships being made a ground for disqualification.
- The changes are expected to lead to greater compliance by corporates, de-clogging of the special courts, de-clogging of the NCLT and effective enforcement.
- At present around 60 percent of the 40,000 odd cases pending in courts pertain to sections dealing with procedural lapses that are proposed to be shifted to in-house adjudication mechanism thereby incentivizing compliance by corporates.
- As a result of the amendments brought in, in future, the compounding cases load on NCLT will also come down significantly.
- The existing cases will be withdrawn from special courts by bringing out an amnesty scheme as there are inherent benefits in prescribing civil liabilities for procedural lapses instead of undertaking a criminal trial.
Shri Rajnath Singh chairs fifth meeting of Island Development Agency
- The Island Development Agency reviewed the progress made towards the program Holistic development of islands.
- Bids for private sector participation in three tourism-based projects have already been invited by the Andaman & Nicobar Administration.
- They include eco-tourism projects in Smith Island & Long island and tent city project in Aves island. Bids will be invited shortly for one more project in Neil island.
- Three projects in Lakshadweep have been identified for issue of bids.
- They include tourism projects in the islands of Kadmat, Minicoy and Suheli Cheriyakara.
- The Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion (DIPP) has issued a notification extending tax incentives for investments made in manufacturing and service sector in islands of Andaman & Nicobar and Lakshadweep. The tax incentives are
- Central Capital Investment Incentive for access to credit (CCIIAC)
- Central Interest Incentive (CII)
- Central Comprehensive Insurance Incentive (CCII)
- Goods and Services Tax (GST) Reimbursement
- Income Tax (IT) Reimbursement
- Transport Incentive (TI); and
- Employment incentive (EI)
- Key infrastructure projects such as operationalization of Diglipur airport for civilian aircraft and construction of a new airport in Minicoy Island have been accorded high priority by the Government.
- Four islands (Swaraj Dweep, Shaheed Dweep, Hutbay and Long) in Andaman & Nicobar and three islands (Kavaratti, Agatti and Minicoy) in Lakshadweep have been identified for seaplane operation.
- CRZ clearance has been accorded for Middle Strait Bridge on Andaman Trunk Road. All these measures will improve inter-island connectivity significantly.
- Digital connectivity will improve substantially in the islands with augmentation of satellite bandwidth and laying of optical fibre cable.
- Better communication services will facilitate setting up of Information Technology based and other MSME in the islands.
- In order to sustainably utilize the potential of Tuna Fish, ten deep-sea modern fishing vessels are being procured by Lakshadweep administration from Cochin Shipyard Limited.
- Export of sea food and coconut products is being encouraged to generate more employment opportunities in the islands.
Department of Justice Launches Tele-Law: Mobile Application & Dashboard and Nyaya Bandhu (Pro Bono Legal Services) Mobile Application
- Benefit from towards fulfilling the Constitutional commitment under Article 39A for providing access to Justice to all government has successfully endeavored to spearhead its two key programmes namely –
- Tele –Law: Mainstreaming Legal Aid through Common Service Centers
- Nyaya Bandhu (Pro Bono Legal Services), through leveraging with different technology-based channels to boost legal advice and aid in the country.
- Minister of Law said to encouraging social service among law fraternity, the collegium should consider introducing provision for getting preference in appointment as judge if the advocate has substantive credit of providing pro-bono service.
- In order to promote the expansion and penetration of Tele-Law online legal advice and consultation in the far flung and remote corners in the entire country, a mobile application has been developed for Para Legal Volunteers (PLVs).
- This mobile application will enable the PLVs to perform on field pre – registration of cases with a facility to seek appointment from the Panel lawyer on preferred date and time, in coordination with Village Level entrepreneur (VLE) at the CSC.
- The application will benefit 73,000 PLVs of National Legal Service Authority and State Legal Services Authorities (SLSA) in the country who will be associated under Tele-Law service.
- Lack of availability and affordability of quality legal representation erodes the very edifice of providing justice to all and questions the effectiveness of justice delivery mechanism.
Textiles Minister Launches four projects in North East for the development of Silk Sector
- Minister inaugurated Muga silk seed production centre in Tura, Meghalaya, silk printing and processing unit in Agartala, Tripura, Eri spun silk mill in Sangaipat, Imphal and development of sericulture in Mamit, Mizoram.
Muga Silkworm Seed Production Centre (SSPC)
- Muga Silkworm Seed Production Centre (SSPC), Tura, Meghalaya is one of the projects taken up directly by Centre Silk Board (CSB) for implementation under Integrated Sericulture Development Project (ISDP) of NERTPS for creation of seed infrastructure units in NE States.
Silk Printing & Processing unit
- Silk Printing & Processing unit in Agartala, Tripura has been setup at a total project cost of Rs.3.71 crore for production, printing and processing of 1.5 lakh meter silk per annum.
- The project has been implemented directly by the state in coordination with CSB and is ready to commence production process.
- Textiles printing is a process in which designs are printed on the textile’s material using various methods and techniques and done on finished fabrics.
Eri Spun Silk Mill
- Eri Spun Silk Mill in Sangaipat, Imphal East, Manipur was approved with a total project cost of Rs.21.53 crore was approved in September 2018 and will be implemented directly by the State in co-coordination with CSB.
- Around 65% of Eri cocoons produced in Manipur are converted into yarn within the State through conventional spinning device Takli, Pedal operated and Motorised Eri Spinning machines.
- The rest of around 35% of Eri cocoons is marketed outside the state without value addition resulting in less income to farmers.
Development of sericulture
- The project for development of sericulture in the aspirational district of Mamit, Mizoram, was approved with a total cost of Rs.11.56 crore, which includes Government of India share of Rs.10.82 crore.
- The project will be implemented directly by the state in co-coordination with CSB.
- Mamit is one of the aspirational districts identified by NITI Aayog for overall development from 2018-19 onwards. This includes 14 districts in NE region covering all 8 NE States.
- The project is for development of Eri culture in Mizoram which will focus on creation of pre-& post cocoon activities linkage from raising of silkworm food plant, rearing house, silkworm rearing activities, spinning, weaving along with capacity building.
- It will also help the tribal people by providing employment as well as increase productivity along with high quality cocoons, yarns and quality finished products.