- India decides to stop its share of river waters which flow into Pakistan
- The Government has decided to stop the share of river waters which flow into Pakistan.
- Government of India will divert water from Eastern Rivers and supply it to the people in Jammu and Kashmir and Punjab.
Indus Waters Treaty 1960
- According to the Indus Waters Treaty, subject to certain conditions, India has the right to use water flowing in eastern rivers, namely, the Beas, the Ravi and the Sutlej while Pakistan controls the right to use water in western rivers, namely, the Indus, the Jhelum and the Chenab.
Present Status of Development in India
- To utilize the waters of the Eastern Rivers which have been allocated to India for exclusive use, India has constructed Bhakra Dam on Satluj, Pong and Pandoh Dam on Beas and Thein (Ranjitsagar) on Ravi.
- These storage works, together with other works like Beas-Sutlej Link, Madhopur-Beas Link, Indira Gandhi Nahar Project etc has helped India utilize nearly entire share (95 %) of waters of Eastern rivers.
To stop the flow of these waters that belong to India for its utilization in India, following steps have been taken:
- Resumption of Construction of Shahpurkandi project: This project will help in utilizing the waters coming out from powerhouse of Thein dam to irrigate land in J&K and Punjab and generate 206 MW of power.
- Construction of Ujh multipurpose project: This is a National project which will create a storage of about 781 million cu m of water on river Ujh, a tributary of Ravi for irrigation and power generation in India itself and provide a total irrigation benefits for Kathua, Hiranagar and Samba district of J&K apart from providing water for the district Kathua of J&K.
- The 2nd Ravi Beas link below Ujh: This project is being planned to tap excess water flowing down to Pakistan through river Ravi, even after construction of Thein Dam, by constructing a barrage across river Ravi for diverting water through a tunnel link to Beas basin.
- The project is expected to utilize about 0.58 MAF of surplus waters below Ujhdam by diverting the same to Beas basin for benefits of other co-basin states. Govt. of India declared this project as National Project.
What are the advantages of national project status?
- The main advantage of a project which has received national project status is that 90 % of the funding for the project will be given by the central government.
- Usually, big multipurpose projects involving irrigation, power generation, storage of water etc., which require huge amount of capital for construction, are given national project status because state governments cannot afford such huge capital.
- ILP will be applicable to entire Nagaland, including Dimapur’
- Recently Nagaland government has decided to make the Inner Line Permit applicable throughout the State, including the commercial hub of Dimapur.
Inner Line Permit
- It is an official travel document issued by the Government of India to allow inward travel of an Indian citizen into a protected area for a limited period.
- Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Nagaland are the states which require this permit.
- It is obligatory for Indian citizens from outside those states to obtain a permit for entering into the protected state.
- The document is an effort by the government to regulate movement to certain areas located near the international border of India.
- This is an offshoot of the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulations, 1873, which protected Crown’s interest in the tea, oil and elephant trade by prohibiting “British subjects” from entering into these “Protected Areas” (to prevent them from establishing any commercial venture that could rival the Crown’s agents).
- The word “British subjects” was replaced by Citizen of India in 1950.
- ILP’s valid for tourism purposes are granted as a matter of routine.
3. Lakhs of forest dwellers face eviction
- A recent Supreme Court order may lead to the eviction of lakhs of persons belonging to the Scheduled Tribes (STs) and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (OTFDs) categories across 21 States — their claim as forest dwellers have been rejected under the Forest Rights Act of 2006.
Forest Rights Act of 2006
- The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006, is a key piece of forest legislation passed in India on 18 December 2006.
- The law concerns the rights of forest-dwelling communities to land and other resources, denied to them over decades as a result of the continuance of colonial forest laws in India.
- Section 6 of the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act of 2006 shows a multi-layered and hierarchical procedure for recognition or rejection of forest-dweller claims starting at the gram sabha level with multiple appellate committees at the State level.
- The Act is intended to provide a framework to “recognise and vest the forest rights and occupation in forest land in forest dwelling Scheduled Tribes and other traditional forest dwellers who have been residing in such forests for generations but whose rights could not be recorded.”
- This Act not only recognizes the rights to hold and live in the forest land under the individual or common occupation for habitation or for self-cultivation for livelihood.
- Under Section 3(1) (h) of the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006, the rights of settlement and conversion of all forest villages, old habitations, un-surveyed villages and other villages in forest, whether recorded, notified, or not, into revenue villages have been recognized as one of the forest rights of forest dwelling Scheduled Tribes and other traditional forest dwellers on all forest lands.
- UN Security Council condemns Pulwama attack
- The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) condemning the Pulwama attack and underlining the need to hold those responsible accountable.
UN Security Council
- The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations and is charged with the maintenance of international peace and security.
- Its powers include the establishment of peacekeeping operations, the establishment of international sanctions, and the authorization of military action through Security Council resolutions.
- It is the only UN body with the authority to issue binding resolutions to member states.
- The Security Council consists of fifteen members. Russia, the United Kingdom, France, China, and the United States—serve as the body’s five permanent members.
- These permanent members can veto any substantive Security Council resolution, including those on the admission of new member states or candidates for Secretary-General.
- The Security Council also has 10 non-permanent members, elected on a regional basis to serve two-year terms.
- The body’s presidency rotates monthly among its members.
- President promulgates four Ordinances
The President of India recently has promulgated the following four Ordinances, namely:–
- The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Second Ordinance, 2019
- The Indian Medical Council (Amendment) Second Ordinance, 2019
- The Companies (Amendment) Second Ordinance, 2019
- The Banning of Unregulated Deposit Schemes Ordinance, 2019
Ordinance making powers of the President
- Article 123 of the Constitution grants the President certain law making powers to promulgate Ordinances when either of the two Houses of Parliament is not in session and hence it is not possible to enact laws in the Parliament.
- An Ordinance may relate to any subject that the Parliament has the power to legislate on. Conversely, it has the same limitations as the Parliament to legislate, given the distribution of powers between the Union, State and Concurrent Lists.
- Thus, the following limitations exist with regard to the Ordinance making power of the executive:
- Legislature is not in session: The President can only promulgate an Ordinance when either of the two Houses of Parliament is not in session.
- Immediate action is required: The President cannot promulgate an Ordinance unless he is satisfied that there are circumstances that require taking ‘immediate action’.
- Parliamentary approval during session: Ordinances must be approved by Parliament within six weeks of reassembling or they shall cease to operate.
- They will also cease to operate in case resolutions disapproving the Ordinance are passed by both the Houses.
6.4th India-ASEAN Expo Summit
- The 4th India-ASEAN Expo and Summit will be held in New Delhi.
- The India-ASEAN Expo Summit is organised with FICCI to carry forward the momentum and to further strengthen India-ASEAN relations under the Act-East Policy.
- The 4th India-ASEAN Expo and Summit aim to build upon the success of the previous edition of ASEAN-India Business and Investment Meet and Expo which was held in 2018 as a precursor to India-ASEAN Commemorative Summit.
- The Summit aims to provide a platform for the policy makers, industry captains and business leaders to come together and forge a common vision for India and ASEAN’s mutual growth and progress.
Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN)
- ASEAN is an association of nations brought into existence in 1967, after ASEAN declaration (also known as Bangkok declaration).
- ASEAN aims to promote social progress, economic growth and cultural development between member countries and resolution of differences by peaceful negotiations.
- Founder countries of ASEAN were Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, Philippines and Thailand.
- BharatNet can monetise fibre assets
- Digital Communications Commission (DCC), the highest decision-making body for the telecom sector, has given an in-principle approval to monetise 2.5 lakh km of fibre laid under the government’s flagship BharatNet programme, by leasing or selling the assets to private players.
- BharatNet project forms backbone for Digital India initiative which aims to bring high speed broadband to all 2.5 lakh gram panchayats (GPs) through optical fibres.
- The project was approved by Union Cabinet in 2011 as National Optical Fibre Netwok.
- The objective flagship project is to provide affordable broadband services in rural and remote areas in partnership with states and the private sector.
- It being is implemented by Bharat Broadband Network Limited (BBNL). It is world’s largest rural broadband connectivity programme using Optical fibre.
- Bharat Net seeks to connect all of India’s households, particularly rural areas, through demand, affordable high-speed broadband connectivity of 2 Mbps to 20 Mbps to realise the vision of Digital India.
- The project is being funded by Universal service Obligation Fund (USOF).