Pilot To Return Home
Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan on 28 February said his government has decided to release valiant Indian Air Force Wing Commander AbhinandanVarthaman on 1st March. Khan told a joint session of parliament in Islamabad called to discuss the India-Pakistan situation that as a peace gesture, Pakistan has decided to release the Indian pilot in their custody. Khan’s announcement came soon after media reports quoted Pakistan Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi as saying that the country is considering freeing the IAF pilot if it leads to a de-escalation of tensions between the two countries. Khan has also offered to hold talks with Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Earlier, US President Donald Trump had said he has “reasonably attractive news from Pakistan and India”. “They have been going at it and we have been involved trying to have them stop. We have some reasonably decent news. I think hopefully that it’s going to come to an end,” Trump had said.
The 1949 Geneva Conventions are a set of international treaties that ensure that warring parties conduct themselves in a humane way with non-combatants such as civilians and medical personnel, as well as with combatants no longer actively engaged in fighting, such as prisoners of war, and wounded or sick soldiers. All countries are signatories to the Geneva Conventions. There are four conventions, with three protocols added on since 1949.
The provisions of the conventions apply in peacetime situations, in declared wars, and in conflicts that are not recognised as war by one or more of the parties.
What happens if a country does not adhere to geneva conventions?
The country can be brought to International Court of Justice. The country could be further sanctioned by UNSC.
What should be India’s stand on de-escalation?
It is good news since India never wanted to attack the military establishment.
Is returning the pilot a s sign of de-escalation?
The escalation has been caused by 30 years of proxy war by the state of Pakistan on India. For the de-escalation to take place,
- The perpetrators of the Pulwama like Masood Azar must be handed over to india.
- Every single terror camp operating on Pakistani soil must be closed down
What has promoted the Pakistani leadership to return the pilot?
The cost of the escalation will have heavy repercussions on Pakistani economy. Thus, it was well planned move to avoid any further conflict.