- Kanyashree stipends are no shield against trafficking
- Recently experts working with the non-government organisations on the issue said trafficking is a complex problem and one scheme, which provides impetus to girls to remain in school, cannot put an end to trafficking.
- Moreover, they also feel that under the K1 scheme the benefit of ₹750 annually is hardly a deterrent to trafficking.
About Kanyashree Prakalpa
- The scheme was launched in 2013 which is an initiative taken by the Government of West Bengal to improve the life and the status of the girls by helping economically backward families with cash so that families do not arrange the marriage of their girl child before eighteen years because of economic problem.
- The Scheme has been given international recognition by the United Kingdoms Department of International Development and the UNICEF.
- The Kanyashree scheme has two categories of benefits.
- Under the first category or K1 category, ₹750 is paid annually to the girls in the age group of 13 to 18;
- Under the K2 group, a one-time grant of ₹25,000 is paid after a girl turns 18, provided that she was engaged in an academic or occupational pursuit and was unmarried.
- Kanyashree is an overarching scheme apart from several other schemes aimed at combating trafficking.
Other Schemes initiated by West Bengal Government
- In September 2018, West Bengal government rolled out Swayangsiddha scheme to prevent trafficking.
- Under the scheme (which means self reliance) complaint boxes have been installed in the schools where girls can submit any complaint of stalking or harassment faced by them or any of their friends.
- Implementation of rule on cooking oil a question mark in Karnataka
- The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India’s (FSSAI) recent directive prohibiting Food Business Operators (FBOs), whose consumption of edible oils for frying is more than 50 litres a day, from reusing cooking oil more than three times may be easier issued than implemented in Karnataka.
- Food safety officials, who admit there are several challenges to implementing the directive, which is to come into effect from March 3rd, said a strong ecosystem has to be created before enforcement.
- Karnataka is the first State to have a Bio Energy Development Board and re-used cooking oil is being collected from big chains of restaurants by biodiesel manufacturing units.
- The main issue is regarding the registration of such units and empanelment of aggregators collecting Repurpose Used Cooking Oil (RUCO).
About Repurpose Used Cooking Oil (RUCO)
- The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) launched RUCO (Repurpose Used Cooking Oil), an initiative that will enable collection and conversion of used cooking oil to bio-diesel.
- FSSAI also look at introducing regulations to ensure that companies that use large quantities of cooking oil hand it over to registered collecting agencies to convert it into biofuel.
- Under this initiative, 64 companies at 101 locations have been identified to enable collection of used cooking oil.
- The food safety body says that by 2020, it should be possible to recover about 220 crore litres of used cooking oil for conversion into bio-fuel.
- Reducing the re-use of cooking oil in the food industry will have positive public health outcomes and its conversion into Bio-ATF will help the aviation sector reduce its carbon footprint
- PM Modi announces ‘April 2019-March 2020’ as Construction-Technology year
- PM declared ‘April 2019-March 2020’ as Construction-Technology year and stressed on use of advanced technology to meet the increasing demand of housing in the country caused by rapid urbanisation.
- He also sought the support of private sector in fulfilling the government’s mission of providing brick house to every Indian by 2022.
Global Housing Technology Challenge
- Global Housing Technology Challenge – India is an initiative by Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, Govt. of India.
- With an aim to identify, evaluate and shortlist a basket of proven & potential innovative technologies from across the globe and subsequently mainstream them in the Indian construction sector that is sustainable, green, disaster resilient.
GHTC-India has the following three components:
- Component 1 – Conduct of EXPO-Cum-Conference
- Component 2 – Identifying Proven Demonstrable Technologies: Inducting suitable established technologies from across the globe to the Indian market through shortlisting and actual construction of Light House Projects.
- Component 3 – Establishment of Affordable Sustainable Housing Accelerators India (ASHA-India) for Indian technologies which have potential but not market ready yet.
Other programme related to transform Housing Construction
Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana, Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana, National Urban Livelihoods Mission, HRIDAY, AMRUT and Smart Cities.
About Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban) – PMAY-U- Housing For All
- PMAY (U) is a Mission to provide housing for all by 2022 and is being implemented from 2015 by Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation.
- It provides central assistance to Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) and other implementing agencies through States/UTs for in-situ Rehabilitation of existing slum dwellers.
- The scheme emphasises on using land as a resource with private participation, Credit Linked Subsidy, Affordable Housing in Partnership and Subsidy for beneficiary-led individual house construction/enhancement.
- PMAY-U targets the construction of 1 Crore housing units by 2022.
- Gram Samridhi Yojana: New scheme to help unorganised food processing sector
- India’s food processing ministry is working on a new scheme — Gram Samridhi Yojana — to bolster the unorganised food processing sector concentrated in rural areas.
- The Rs 3,000 crore scheme funded by the World Bank and the centre will help cottage industry, farmer producers’ organisation and individual food processors to increase capacity, upgrade technology besides skill improvement, entrepreneurship development and strengthening the farm-tomarket supply chain.
- Niti Aayog has given the in-principle approval to the scheme and now the proposal has gone to the Expenditure Finance Committee for clearance.
- It will ensure doubling of farmers’ income by 2022 and employment opportunities in rural areas, we are coming with this scheme for food processing enterprises.
- About 66% of unorganised food processing units are in rural areas and of these, 80% were family run.
- The maximum cap of subsidy to be given to a unit will be Rs 10 lakh, apart from interest subsidy, if they avail of loans.
- There is a provision for getting subsidy on bank interest by 3% to 5%.
- The scheme aims at development of modern infrastructure to encourage entrepreneurs to set up food processing units, upgrade service technology in existing unit, improve management of the units and give technical support.
- Gram Samridhi Yojana also aims to provide common facility centres and business incubators in rural areas.
- In the initial phase the scheme will be run in Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Punjab for a five-year period and thereafter replicated in other states.