GENERAL STUDIES Mains-2
GS2 broadly includes these sections: Indian Constitution & Polity, Governance, Social Justice and International relations.
Syllabus topics and booklist for the same is given below.
Topic1: Indian Constitution and Polity
Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
- Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
- Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
- Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.
- Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
- Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
- Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
- Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
- Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
|Primary Source||Indian Polity by Laxmikanth
Introduction to The Constitution Of India – D.D.Basu
Our Parliament by S C Kashyap
Our Constitution by S C Kashyap
2nd ARC Reports. (read selectively & make short notes)
|Secondary Source||Punchhi Commission report selectively
PRS monthly compilation
Economic & political weekly – selected editorial commentaries.
Topic2: Governance and Social Justice
- Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
- Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
- Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
- Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector or Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
- Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
- Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
- Role of civil services in a democracy.
|Primary Source||PIB website
2nd ARC Reports
PRS monthly compilation
|Secondary Source||Yojana Magazine,
NITI Aayog three year action agenda
Topic3: International Relations
- India and its neighbourhood- relations.
- Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
- Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
- Important International institutions, agencies and fora – their structure, mandate.
|Primary Source||Rethinking India’s Foreign Policy – Challenge and Strategy by Rajiv Sikri|
|Secondary Source||IDSA website|
General Strategy for GS2:
- Make short notes for each topic given in the syllabus in your own language and revise it repeatedly.
- Minimum sources, maximum revisions – Stick to a single source and read it again and again.Please revise the standard books for maximum retention and assimilation.
- Practice answer writing for static part of the syllabus. Don’t neglect static section.
- Make separate chart for important articles and try to include them in your answer to add more weight to the answer.
- Integrate current affairs with the topics mentioned in the syllabus.
- Read and make notes of the static part of the events recently in news as questions are mostly asked on the fundamentals of the recent issues.
- Make short notes from 2nd ARC reports and incorporate those in your answers to add weightage to the answer.